Juratri, a French social enterprise
Founded in 1993 as a Limited Liability Company in Lons-le-Saunier (Jura’s main city of 20 000 inhabitants), Juratri became a co-operative (SCOP, société cooperative et participative) in December 2006. Since its establishment, the focus has been on developing a process of social and professional integration for people excluded from the labour market, through an economic project related to waste sorting (household and industrial waste and waste electrical and electronic equipment).
Juratri’s turnover was €6 158 913 in 2011, a 15% increase from 2010 and 190% from 2006. The co-operative employs 135 people and has created 53 of these jobs in the past five years. 63 individuals are in an ‘integration process’, working under a fixed-term contract of integration and are provided with close supervision and mentoring. Such contracts are meant to facilitate the integration of unemployed people who confront difficulties entering the labour market. In 2011, Juratri aimed to support those with no formal qualifications, unstable housing situations, young people and those in receipt of social allowances.
The success of Juratri in creating jobs and supporting work integration activities is rooted not only in its expertise and engagement in a buoyant sector (i.e. waste electrical and electronic equipment), but also in the wider public policy measures which support elements of its activities.
In France, integration through economic activity is enshrined in the Labour Code and the 1998 law on combating exclusion provides a framework for social economy organisations. The 1998 law requires an agreement between enterprises involved in social economy activities and the state, which, among other things, indicates the number of integration positions likely to be supported by the public agency DIRECCTE (regional directorate for enterprises, competition, consumption, labour and employment). For each integration position, the enterprise receives up to €9 681 per year from the state. Employees benefitting from such programmes must be registered at the employment office. They are then hired under a fixed-term contract of integration, which can be renewed twice for a period not exceeding 24 months. In 2012, 62 positions were funded. Juratri receives some support from the Region for training employees engaged in the integration process (€3 000 per ‘integration position’).
In 2012, Juratri invested over €2 million to position itself as a leader in the field of recycling, with a highly innovative and performing infrastructure. Juratri financed this investment with its own funds (65%) and subsidies (35%) coming from the General Council, the Regional Council, ADEME (the French Environment and Energy Management Agency) and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), which were not specific to social economy organisations.
Source: OECD Policy Brief on Social Entrepreneurship, May 2013: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&langId=en&pubId=7552