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Poland’s KPRES sharpens its focus

by Toby Johnson


The latest version of the Polish National Programme for the Development of Social Economy (Krajowy Program Rozwoju Ekonomii Społecznej – KPRES) has been released. It was prepared by the Strategic Group for Systemic Solutions in the Social Economy and, following public consultation, discussed at a seminar on 4th February. This featured a presentation by Cezary Miżejewski, chair of the Strategic Group. This article summarises the report published by

The two main changes are a new role of Social Economy Support Centres and a broader definition of social economy, not a narrower one of social enterprise. The main benefits expected are activation of vulnerable people, the creation of 170,000 jobs and the delivery of socially useful services. The scale of public contracts with the social economy is expected to double, from 1.4 billion złotys to 3 billion złotys (€750 million) a year.

The revised version has four objectives:

  1. a responsible community;
  2. a supportive environment: amendments to laws on social enterprise, rehabilitation and public procurement, and the redesign of the support system. The intention is to funnel start-up grants through the District Labour Offices, and to ensure that beneficiaries receive adequate business training, so that the co-operatives that are set up are more resilient;
  3. the sustainable integration of social economy in public policy, via the National Social Economy Development Committee;
  4. raise awareness of the social economy

Cezary Miżejewski’s presentation:

Source:, 15 Feb 13 (with help from Google Translate)


The KPRES was adopted by Resolution No. 164 of the Council of Ministers on 12 August 2014. Its budget is 2.7 billion zlotys (€684m) over 7 years, i.e. €97m a year.

The programme has 5 priorities:

  • I. Social economy in socially responsible territories
  • II. Regulation
  • III. Support system for the social economy
  • IV. Inclusion of the social economy in mainstream public policy nationally and regionally
  • V. Education

42% of the budget (1.16 bn zl - €290m) is allocated to priority III.1, grants for jobs created in social enterprises. The target is to create 13,300 jobs (five per year in each of the country's 380 counties (powiats), at a cost of €22,000 per job.

The KPRES can be downloaded from:,do,zapoznania,sie,z,Krajowym,Programem,Rozwoju,Ekonomii,Spolecznej,3616.html

KPRES in English: File:KPRES - National Programme for Social Economy Development.docx

Summary for OECD capacity-building seminar 17-18 Feb 2016:

Update 2018

On July 2, 2018, a public consultation on the draft of the Council of Ministers' resolution amending the resolution on the adoption of the program called the National Program for the Development of Social Economy began. National Program for the Development of Social Economy for 2014-2023. The Economics of Social Solidarity (KPRES) is a development program (within the meaning of the Act

of 6 December 2006 on the principles of conducting development policy), which sets out the key directions of public policy for the social economy and social enterprises. The update of the KPRES results primarily from the new directions of public policies set out in the Strategy for Responsible Development, in particular in the following areas: increasing the efficiency of activities aimed at creating jobs, professional and social reintegration of people at risk of social exclusion, as well as development of social services of public interest and public tasks in terms of local development.

The work carried out in the Ministry on the updating of the KPRES took place, in particular, at the forum of the National Committee for the Development of Social Economy, which is an auxiliary body of the Minister competent for social security. The members of the Committee are representatives of: ministries (finance, investment and development, culture and national heritage, agriculture and rural development, national education), central offices (CSO, UZP) of voivodship self-governments, social economy entities, social partners, the world of science and the financial sector.


Update 2019

The KPRES for 2019-23 was adopted on 31 Jan 19:,Program,Rozwoju,Ekonomii,Spolecznej,,3495.html